IDF Diabetes Atlas
- Diabetes mellitus describes a group of metabolic disorders characterised by increased blood glucose concentration. People living with diabetes have a higher risk of morbidity and mortality than the general population. The global prevalence of diabetes in adults has been increasing over recent decades. In 1964, it was estimated that 30 million people had diabetes . Less than 40 years later, the WHO estimated that there were 171 million people living with diabetes . The International Diabetes Federation (IDF) estimated the global prevalence to be 151 million in 2000 , 194 million in 2003 , 246 million in 2006 , 285 million in 2009 , 366 million in 2011 , and 382 million in 2013 .
- Diabetes mellitus imposes high human, social and economic costs worldwide. Since the publication of the first International Diabetes Federation (IDF) Diabetes Atlas in 2000, successive editions have provided consistent evidence of the continuing growth of diabetes incidence and prevalence rates.
- The Africa Region (AFR), where diabetes was once rare, has witnessed a surge in the condition. Estimates for type 1 diabetes suggest that about 39,000 people suffer from the disease in 2013 with 6.4 new cases occurring per year per 100,000 people in children <14 years old. Type 2 diabetes prevalence among 20–79-year-olds is 4.9% with the majority of people with diabetes <60 years old; the highest proportion (43.2%) is in those aged 40–59 years. Figures are projected to increase with the numbers rising from 19.8 million in 2013 to 41.5 million in 2035, representing a 110% absolute increase.