International Diabetes Federation| Volume 196, 110264, February 2023

The early burden of cardiac and renal disease in type 2 diabetes

    Published:January 25, 2023DOI:
        Type 2 diabetes represents a significant public health problem, due to its alarming prevalence and associated complications such as cardiovascular disease (CVD), heart failure (HF), and chronic kidney disease (CKD). These are closely interconnected and constitute the main causes of morbidity and mortality in people with type 2 diabetes [

        Diabetes Therapy 2022; 13: 1–3.

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