The management of diabetic foot ulcers is a challenging issue due to the pathophysiological background, delay in healing, and prevalence of diabetes. The purpose of this study was to compare the therapeutic effects of the three methods of diabetic wound care: surgical debridement and dressing, dressing with dehydrated amnion powder, and dressing with platelet-derived growth factor gel.
In this multi-arm parallel-group randomized trial, 243 patients with a minimum 4-week medical history of diabetic foot ulcers with Wagner’s grades 1 and 2, no infection, and adequate tissue blood flow were randomly assigned to one of three 81-person groups: surgical debridement (the standard method), dehydrated amnion dressing, or platelet-derived growth factor dressing. The follow-up period lasted 12 weeks. The percentage area reduction (PAR) was measured as the final target. SPSS version 25 was used to perform statistical analysis on the data.
All three study groups were comparable in terms of the type of ulcer, the area of ulcer, Wagner’s grade, the period, and the ulcer’s size. The PAR in the surgical debridement, platelet-derived growth factor, and dehydrated amnion groups were 7.4%, 14.8%, and 49.3% in week 4; 20.1%, 35.8%, and 79% in week 6; 43.7%, 56.8%, 86.4% in week 8; and 50%, 61.7%, and 87.6% in weeks 10 and 12, respectively. The observed differences were statistically significant (p < 0.05) over the entire period.
The study concluded that dehydrated amnion dressing, when compared to platelet-derived growth factor dressing and surgical debridement, resulted in better-improved healing in diabetic foot ulcer patients.
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Published online: February 08, 2022
Accepted: February 4, 2022
Received in revised form: January 6, 2022
Received: September 14, 2021
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