Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity changes in a diabetes prevention intervention randomized trial among South Asians with prediabetes – The D-CLIP trial

Published:February 28, 2021DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.diabres.2021.108727

      Highlights

      • The impact of the diabetes prevention intervention on MVPA in South Asians is examined.
      • D-CLIP wasa a six-month, culturally-tailored translational study of the Diabetes Prevention Program carried out in South Asians.
      • The D-CLIP intervention increased MVPA by nearly an hour.
      • The intervention increased the proportion of respondents who reported ≥150 minutes of weekly MVPA.
      • Effects of the intervention were strongest at six months of follow-up.

      Abstract

      Aims

      The Diabetes Community Lifestyle Improvement Program (D-CLIP) was a lifestyle education program to prevent diabetes in South Asians with prediabetes. This paper examines the impact of the D-CLIP intervention on moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity (MVPA).

      Methods

      This randomized controlled trial to prevent diabetes included 573 individuals with prediabetes from Chennai, India. The intervention was designed to increase MVPA to ≥150 minutes per week. MVPA was measured by questionnaire at baseline, six, 12, 18, 24, 30 and 36 months of follow-up. Random effects models were used to examine the relationship between treatment group and odds of reporting ≥150 weekly minutes of MVPA and to examine the impact of the intervention on weekly MVPA.

      Results

      With the exception of the proportion of respondents at baseline with a high waist circumference, selected sample characteristics did not differ at baseline between the intervention and control groups. The intervention significantly (p < 0.05) increased the proportion of respondents who reported ≥150 weekly minutes of MVPA by 28.5%, 13.6% and 14.0% at six, 12 and 18 months respectively. Mean minutes of weekly MVPA significantly (p < 0.05) increased by an additional 56.7, 34.3, 23.6 and 24.3 minutes/week at six, 12, 18, and 24 months, respectively.

      Conclusion

      The D-CLIP intervention significantly increased MVPA at six, 12 and 18 months of follow-up. Interventions to prevent diabetes in South Asians with prediabetes can significantly increase MVPA in this population.

      Keywords

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