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Effect of yoga intervention on biochemical, oxidative stress markers, inflammatory markers and sleep quality among subjects with type 2 diabetes in South India: Results from the SATYAM project

  • Vijay Viswanathan
    Correspondence
    Corresponding author at: No. 4, West Madha Church Street, Royapuram, Chennai 600 013, Tamil Nadu, India.
    Affiliations
    Department of Diabetology, M.V. Hospital for Diabetes and Prof. M. Viswanathan Diabetes Research Centre (WHO Collaborating Centre for Research Education and Training in Diabetes) (IDF Centre for Excellence in Diabetes Care), Royapuram, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
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  • Sumathi Sivakumar
    Affiliations
    Department of Yoga, M.V. Hospital for Diabetes and Prof. M. Viswanathan Diabetes Research Centre (WHO Collaborating Centre for Research Education and Training in Diabetes) (IDF Centre for Excellence in Diabetes Care), Royapuram, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
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  • A. Sai Prathiba
    Affiliations
    Department of Primary Prevention of Diabetes, M.V. Hospital for Diabetes and Prof. M. Viswanathan Diabetes Research Centre (WHO Collaborating Centre for Research Education and Training in Diabetes) (IDF Centre for Excellence in Diabetes Care), Royapuram, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
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  • Arutselvi Devarajan
    Affiliations
    Department of Epidemiology, M.V. Hospital for Diabetes and Prof. M. Viswanathan Diabetes Research Centre (WHO Collaborating Centre for Research Education and Training in Diabetes) (IDF Centre for Excellence in Diabetes Care), Royapuram, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
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  • Leema George
    Affiliations
    Department of Molecular Genetics, M.V. Hospital for Diabetes and Prof. M. Viswanathan Diabetes Research Centre (WHO Collaborating Centre for Research Education and Training in Diabetes) (IDF Centre for Excellence in Diabetes Care), Royapuram, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
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  • Satyavani Kumpatla
    Affiliations
    Department of Biochemistry, M.V. Hospital for Diabetes and Prof. M. Viswanathan Diabetes Research Centre (WHO Collaborating Centre for Research Education and Training in Diabetes) (IDF Centre for Excellence in Diabetes Care), Royapuram, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
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Published:December 24, 2020DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.diabres.2020.108644

      Abstract

      Aims

      The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of yoga intervention on the biochemical, oxidative stress markers and inflammatory markers and sleep quality among subjects with type 2 diabetes.

      Methods

      Subjects with type 2 diabetes attending a tertiary care centre for diabetes during Feb 2017 to Oct 2019 in Chennai, India were randomly assigned to two different groups. Group1(non-Yoga) (n = 150) was advised on simple physical exercises whereas group2(Yoga) (n = 150) was trained and advised to do yogasanas with static loosening exercises for 50 min for 5 days in a week. Both the groups were followed up for a period of 3 months. Anthropometric, biochemical, oxidative stress markers, inflammatory markers and sleep quality were assessed at baseline and after follow up.

      Results

      There was a significant reduction in BMI, blood glucose levels, HbA1c, lipid levels, IL6, TNFα and TBARS in Yoga group as compared to non-Yoga group. There was marked improvement in the levels of Adiponectin, PTGIS and sleep quality among subjects practising yogasanas.

      Conclusion

      Regular practice of yogasanas improved glycaemic control, oxidative stress, inflammatory response and sleep quality among subjects with type 2 diabetes. Hence, Yogasanas can be used as an adjuvant therapy for managing type 2 diabetes.

      Keywords

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