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The incidence of diabetic ketoacidosis during Ramadan fasting: A 10-year single-centre retrospective study

  • Anas S. Beshyah
    Correspondence
    Corresponding author at: Internal Medicine Resident, Sheikh Khalifa Medical City, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates.
    Affiliations
    Internal Medicine Residency Program, Institute of Education, Sheikh Khalifa Medical City, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates

    Division of Endocrinology, Institute of Medicine, Sheikh Khalifa Medical City, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
    Search for articles by this author
  • Salem A. Beshyah
    Affiliations
    Division of Endocrinology, Institute of Medicine, Sheikh Khalifa Medical City, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates

    Department of Medicine, Dubai Medical College, Dubai, United Arab Emirates
    Search for articles by this author
Published:January 24, 2019DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.diabres.2019.01.018

      Abstract

      Context

      There has been an increased interest in the potential metabolic derangements and acute complications of diabetes related to the Muslims’ fasting during the month of Ramadan.

      Objectives

      We compared the incidence of admissions due to diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) during Ramadan with the admissions during other months.

      Methods

      This is a retrospective electronic database and chart review study that included all Muslims who were admitted with DKA to Sheikh Khalifa Medical City in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates. We explored the relationship of admissions to Ramadan over ten years (2005–2014).

      Results

      There were 432 episodes of DKA involving 283 patients. Of these, 370 episodes (85.6%) involved 231 patients (81.6%) with type 1 diabetes. The number of admission episodes was not different during Ramadan from the average calendar month [3.6 ± 2.6 (Range 0–15) episodes/month versus 3.3 ± 2.1 (Range 1–7) episodes/month respectively, P = 0.77]. No recurrences of admissions were observed during Ramadan. There was a non-significant numerical tendency for more episodes in March and September (4.6 episodes for both) and fewer episodes in July (2.6 episodes) than other months; P values were 0.06; 0.13, and 0.32 respectively. This seasonality was not related to the month of Ramadan.

      Conclusions

      The present study confirmed that DKA admissions during Ramadan were not significantly higher than the average monthly admissions over ten years. Seasonality trends were not related to Ramadan.

      Keywords

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