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Skin complications of insulin injections: A case presentation and a possible explanation of hypoglycaemia

Published:February 07, 2018DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.diabres.2018.02.005

      Abstract

      We are willing to report the case of a woman with type 2 diabetes treated with insulin, 4 shots a day, referring to us for 2 very large pigmented abdominal lipo-hypertrophy (LH) areas due to incorrect injection technique. The ultrasound examination showed the presence of fluid within both LH lesions. Fluid examination showed insulin concentrations 13 times higher than circulating ones. A 12-month long structured training on correct injection techniques normalized metabolic control and took rid of all sudden severe hypoglycemic episodes and the wide glycemic variability. In fact, both LH areas disappeared became softer and slightly smaller and got fluid-free. This is the first case documenting the presence of sort of an insulin reservoir within LH lesions and fluid reabsorption can explain the disappearance of hypoglycemic episodes and the improvement of glycemic control.

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