Routine angiographic follow-up versus clinical follow-up in patients with diabetes following percutaneous coronary intervention with drug-eluting stents in Korean population

Published:February 08, 2018DOI:


      • Usefulness of routine angiographic follow-up (RAF) in diabetes is less well known.
      • RAF cause increased incidence of revascularization and major adverse cardiac events.
      • Target lesion revascularization also higher in second-generation drug-eluting stents.



      The usefulness of routine angiographic follow-up (RAF) and clinical follow-up (CF) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with diabetes is not well understood. We compare 3-year clinical outcomes of RAF and CF in diabetic patients underwent PCI with drug-eluting stents (DES).


      A total of 843 patients with diabetes who underwent PCI with DES were enrolled. RAF was performed at 6–9 months after PCI (n = 426). Rest of patients were medically managed and clinically followed (n = 417); symptom-driven events were captured. After propensity score matched analysis, 2 propensity-matched groups (262 pairs, n = 524, C-statistic = 0.750) were generated. The primary endpoint was major adverse cardiac events (MACE), the composite of total death, non-fatal myocardial infarction (MI), target lesion revascularization (TLR), target vessel revascularization (TVR), non-target vessel revascularization (Non-TVR).


      During the 3-year follow-up period, the cumulative incidence of target lesion revascularization [TLR: hazard ratio (HR), 4.07; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.18–9.34; p = 0.001], target vessel revascularization (TVR: HR, 4.02; 95% CI, 1.93–8.40; p < 0.001), non-TVR (HR, 4.92; 95% CI, 1.68–14.4; p = 0.004) and major adverse cardiac events (MACE: HR, 2.53; 95% CI, 1.60–4.01, p < 0.001) were significantly higher in the RAF group. However, the incidence of total death, non-fatal MI were similar between the two groups.


      RAF following index PCI with DES in patients with diabetes was associated with increased incidence of revascularization and MACE without changes of death or re-infarction rates and increased TLR and TVR rates in both first- and second-generation DES.


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