Diabetes and impaired fasting glucose in Mongolian population, Inner Mongolia, China

      Abstract

      Aims

      The aims of this study is to assess the prevalence of diabetes and IFG and compare the risk factors between diabetes and IFG in the Mongolian population, China.

      Methods

      Data on demographic characteristics, lifestyle risk factors, family history of hypertension, medical history and fasting plasma glucose were obtained and analyzed for all individuals.

      Results

      Total 2589 Mongolians aged 20 years or more were recruited as study subjects. The overall prevalence of diabetes and IFG was 3.7% (males 3.9%; females 3.5%) and 18.5% (males 17.7%; females 19.0%), respectively. Multivariate logistic analysis showed that diabetes was significantly associated with age (odds ratio: 1.26), overweight (1.86), high triglycerides (1.96), family history of hypertension (1.86), heart rate (1.05) and high C-reactive protein (3.59), and IFG significantly associated with age (odds ratio: 1.11), low high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (1.80), family history of hypertension (1.60), heart rate (1.03) and high C-reactive protein (2.73).

      Conclusions

      IFG were common among Mongolian people living in the northeast of China. IFG has partly same risk factors as diabetes, and prevalence of some cardiovascular risk factors and number of risk factor in diabetes were higher than that in IFG.

      Abbreviations:

      ADA (American Diabetes Association), ANCOVA (analysis of covariance), BMI (body mass index), BP (blood pressure), CI (confidence intervals), CRP (C-reactive protein), DBP (diastolic BP), FPG (fasting plasma glucose), HDL-C (high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol), IFG (impaired fasting glucose), IGT (impaired glucose tolerance), LDL-C (low-density lipoprotein), OR (odds ratios), SBP (systolic BP), TC (total cholesterol), TG (triglycerides), WC (waist circumference)

      Keywords

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