Advertisement

A meta-analysis of passive smoking and risk of developing Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Published:October 13, 2014DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.diabres.2014.09.019

      Abstract

      Aims

      To assess passive smoking as a risk factor for developing type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM).

      Methods

      A search of PubMed, Web of Knowledge, Elsevier ScienceDirect and Springer (up to March, 2014) databases were performed using subject and random words. Two authors independently extracted the data. The Newcastle-Ottawa Scale (NOS) was used to assess the quality of included studies. The odds ratio (ORs) for the association was determined using a fix-effects model. Subgroup and sensitivity analyses were performed and publication bias was assessed.

      Result

      7 prospective studies were included in this meta-analysis which included a total of 162,001 subjects. The overall OR for developing T2DM for passive smoking was 1.33 (95% confidence interval (CI) 1.20–1.46), with no significant heterogeneity between studies. The result was stable in the subgroup and sensitivity analyses, however there was evidence of publication bias. After the “fill and trim” method, the recalculated OR was 1.27 (95%CI 1.16–1.40).

      Conclusions

      Passive smoking is a risk factor of T2DM even in those who were not themselves active smokers.

      Keywords

      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Purchase one-time access:

      Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
      One-time access price info
      • For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
      • For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'

      Subscribe:

      Subscribe to Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
      Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
      Already an online subscriber? Sign in
      Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect

      References

        • Wipfli H.
        • Samet J.M.
        Global economic and health benefits of tobacco control: part 1.
        Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2009; 86: 263-271
        • Oberg M.
        • Jaakkola M.S.
        • Woodward A.
        • Peruga A.
        • Pruss-Ustun A.
        Worldwide burden of disease from exposure to second-hand smoke: a retrospective analysis of data from 192 countries.
        Lancet. 2011; 377: 139-146
        • Cho N.H.
        • Chan J.C.
        • Jang H.C.
        • Lim S.
        • Kim H.L.
        • Choi S.H.
        Cigarette smoking is an independent risk factor for type 2 diabetes: a four-year community-based prospective study.
        Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). 2009; 71: 679-685
        • Wannamethee S.G.
        • Shaper A.G.
        • Perry I.J.
        Smoking as a modifiable risk factor for Type 2 diabetes in middle-aged men.
        Diabetes Care. 2001; 24: 1590-1595
        • Sairenchi T.
        • Iso H.
        • Nishimura A.
        • Hosoda T.
        • Irie F.
        • Saito Y.
        • et al.
        Cigarette smoking and risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus among middle-aged and elderly Japanese men and women.
        Am J Epidemiol. 2004; 160: 158-162
        • Will J.C.
        • Galuska D.A.
        • Ford E.S.
        • Mokdad A.
        • Calle E.E.
        Cigarette smoking and diabetes mellitus: evidence of a positive association from a large prospective cohort study.
        Int J Epidemiol. 2001; 30: 540-546
        • Wang Y.
        • Ji J.
        • Liu Y.J.
        • Deng X.
        • He Q.Q.
        Passive smoking and risk of type 2 diabetes: a meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies.
        PLoS One. 2013; 8: e69915
        • Higgins J.P.
        • Thompson S.G.
        Quantifying heterogeneity in a meta-analysis.
        Stat Med. 2002; 21: 1539-1558
        • Ko K.
        • Min H.
        • Ahn Y.
        • Park S.
        • Kim C.
        • Park J.K.
        • et al.
        A Prospective Study Investigating the Association Between Environmental Tobacco Smoke Exposure and the Incidence of Type 2 Diabetes in Never Smokers.
        Ann Epidemiol. 2011; 21: 42-47
        • Houston T.K.
        Active and passive smoking and development of glucose intolerance among young adults in a prospective cohort: CARDIA study.
        BMJ. 2006; 332: 1064-1069
        • Hayashino Y.
        • Fukuhara S.
        • Okamura T.
        • Yamato H.
        • Tanaka H.
        • Tanaka T.
        • et al.
        A Prospective Study of Passive Smoking and Risk of Diabetes in a Cohort of Workers: The High-Risk and Population Strategy for Occupational Health Promotion (HIPOP-OHP) study.
        Diabetes Care. 2008; 31: 732-734
        • Kowall B.
        • Rathmann W.
        • Strassburger K.
        • Heier M.
        • Holle R.
        • Thorand B.
        • et al.
        Association of passive and active smoking with incident type 2 diabetes mellitus in the elderly population: the KORA S4/F4 cohort study.
        Eur J Epidemiol. 2010; 25: 393-402
        • Zhang L.
        • Curhan G.C.
        • Hu F.B.
        • Rimm E.B.
        • Forman J.P.
        Association between passive and active smoking and incident Type 2 diabetes in women.
        Diabetes Care. 2011; 34: 892-897
        • Lajous M.
        • Tondeur L.
        • Fagherazzi G.
        • de Lauzon-Guillain B.
        • Boutron-Ruaualt M.C.
        • Clavel-Chapelon F.
        Childhood and adult secondhand smoke and Type 2 diabetes in women.
        Diabetes Care. 2013; 36: 2720-2725
        • Giraldi G.
        • Fovi D.R.G.
        • Marsella L.T.
        • De Luca D.E.
        Environmental tobacco smoke: health policy and focus on Italian legislation.
        Clin Ter. 2013; 164: e429-e435
        • Britton J.
        • Bogdanovica I.
        Tobacco control efforts in Europe.
        Lancet. 2013; 381: 1588-1595
        • Willi C.
        • Bodenmann P.
        • Ghali W.A.
        • Faris P.D.
        • Cornuz J.
        Active smoking and the risk of type 2 diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
        JAMA. 2007; 298: 2654-2664